Egypt is a major transit country for refugees looking to go via the Mediterranean to Europe and has also taken in thousands of Syrian refugees. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) puts the total number of refugees, asylum seekers and stateless people at around 250,000 in the country.
Most media reports state that approximately 90% of the population is Sunni Muslim, and approximately 10% Christian. In Egypt 90% of Christians belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church. The Egyptian government does not recognize conversion from Islam by citizens born Muslim to any other religion, and imposes legal penalties on Muslim-born citizens who convert to another religion.